Decimal Place Value — One Decimal Digit
This is a complete lesson with instruction and varied exercises, explaining how the place value system works with decimals that have one decimal digit, and how to write such decimals in expanded form. It is meant for fourth grade.
Place value and expanded form 
6, 
7 
0 
2 
thou
sands 
hund
reds 
tens 
ones 


6,702

= 6 thousands and 7 hundreds and 0 tens and 2 ones = 6 × 1000 + 7 × 100
+ 0 × 10 + 2 × 1
= 6000 + 700 + 2. 
Above, we have written the number 6,702 in expanded form, or as a SUM of its different parts according to place value.
The digit 6 in the number 6,702 actually has the value 6,000 and the digit 7
actually signifies the value 700. This is why our number system is
also called a place value system, because the value of a digit (like 6 or
7 in our example) depends on its placement within the number.
In other words, the digit 6 in 6702 does not mean six but six thousand,
because the six is placed in the thousands' place. The place of
a digit determines its value.
The comma between thousands and hundreds is added as a separator for easier reading.
In some countries an empty space is used instead: 6,702 is written as 6 702.

1. These numbers are written in expanded form. Write them the normal way.
a. 7 + 40 + 300 
d. 
9000 + 5 + 30 
b. 8000 + 70 + 5 
e. 
9 + 4000 
c. 60 + 400 + 2 
f. 
200 + 2 + 50 
2. Write the following numbers the normal way.
a. 7 × 1 
f. 
6 × 100 + 5 × 10 
b. 8 × 10 + 7 × 1 
g. 
7 × 1000
+ 2 × 100 + 2 × 10 + 8 × 1 
c. 6 × 10 + 0 × 1 
h. 
4 × 1000 + 6 × 10 
d. 8 × 10 
i. 
6 × 1000 + 2 × 1 
e. 5 × 100 + 6 × 1 
j. 
5 × 1000 + 5 × 100
+ 9 × 10 + 2 × 1 
Look at the different place values again.

6, 
7 
0 
2 
thou
sands 
hund
reds 
tens 
ones 


_____ 
_______________ 

What is the rule (or relationship)
between the different place values?
What would the next bigger place
value be after
thousands?
What would the next smaller place
value be after ones? 

1000 
(thousands) 

100 
(hundreds) 
10 
(tens) 
1 
(ones) 
_____ 
_______________ 

Tenths


The digit 9 comes right after the decimal point.
Nine is in the tenths place.
It means 42.9 has 9
tenths or tenth parts. We are back to fractions!!! 
In expanded form: 
42.9 
= 4 tens and 2 ones and 9 tenths 

= 4 × 10 + 2 ×
1 + 9 × 
1
10 

= 40 + 2 + 
9
10 



Read: fortytwo and nine tenths OR
fortytwo point nine 

Read the word “and” in place of the
decimal point, and use the word
“tenths” for the digit after the decimal point. The other way of reading is just to read the decimal point as “point”
and then read the individual digits with number words.

6 
, 
7 
0 
5 
. 
7 
thou
sands 

hund
reds 
tens 
ones 

tenths 


This number has a decimal point. It
also has a comma separating the thousands
from the other digits (for easier reading). 
6,705.7 
= 6 thousands and 7 hundreds and 0 tens and 5 ones and 7 tenths 

= 6 × 1000 + 7 × 100
+ 0 × 10 + 5 × 1 +
7 × 
1
10 

= 6000 + 700 + 5 + 
7
10 

Read: six thousand seven hundred five and seven tenths
OR six thousand seven hundred five point seven

If there is no whole number part, some people omit the zero
and write 0.7 as .7 etc.

3. Fill in the missing parts and read aloud.
Number 
Broken down 
Read 
.5 = 0.5 
5
10 

five tenths 
OR 
point five/zero point five

1.8 
1 + 
8
10 

one and eight tenths 
OR 
one point eight

12.3 
10 + 2 + 
3
10 

twelve and three tenths 
OR 
twelve point three 
45.9 

fortyfive and nine tenths 
OR 

382.1 
300 + 80 + 2 + 
1
10 




607.6 




1,330.3 




10,560.2 




Note: the word decimal can mean TWO things:
1. decimal = a decimal number = a number that has digits after the decimal
point
2. decimal = a digit after the decimal point.
Thus we can say that the number 2.3987 has four decimals, or we can
talk about adding decimals
or adding decimal numbers.

4. Name the place value that has been underlined in the number.
a. 345.9

b. 345.9

c. 2,305

d. 30.5

e. 6.5

f. 2,305

g. 2,005.4

h. 10.1

5. The the following numbers are written in expanded form. Write them in the normal form.
Note: the parts are not listed in order.
a. 


4
10 

b. 

2 + 
5
10 

c. 

90 + 
9
10 

d. 

50 + 
1
10 
+ 4 

e. 

6 + 80 + 
7
10 

f. 


2
10 
+ 70 

g. 

500 + 10 + 
7
10 

h. 

600 + 8 + 
9
10 
+ 6000 

i. 

30 + 9000 + 5 + 
3
10 

j. 

200 + 2000
+ 90 + 
8
10 

6. Write the following numbers in expanded form. Then read the numbers in
two different forms.
a. 

456.4 = 400 + 50 + 6 + 
4
10


f. 

203.0 
b 

0.3 


g. 

9090.3 
c. 

304.5 


h. 

398.9 
d. 

4,676.6 


i. 

0.8 
e. 

600.3 


j. 

30.5 
7. Match each expression
from the first column
with one from the second. 

2 
4
10 

10 + 
5
10 

4 + 
2
10 

10 + 
1
10 
+ 5 



0.2 + 4

2 + 0.4

0.1 + 15

10 + 0.5


See also:
Free printable worksheet: Write each decimal given in expanded form in normal form (numbers have one decimal digit)
This lesson is taken from Maria Miller's book Math Mammoth Decimals 1, and posted at www.HomeschoolMath.net with permission from the author. Copyright © Maria Miller.
A selfteaching worktext for 4th grade that gives a solid foundation for decimals. It covers tenths and hundredths, comparing decimals, adding and subtracting decimals both mentally and in columns, multiplying decimals by whole numbers, rounding, estimating, and money problems.
Download ($3.50). Also available as a printed copy.
=> Learn more and see the free samples!
See more topical Math Mammoth books
