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Free Equivalent Fractions Worksheets

Create an unlimited supply of worksheets for equivalent fractions (grades 4-5)! The worksheets can be made in html or PDF format — both are easy to print. You can also customize them using the generator below.

Students usually encounter the concept of equivalent fractions in 4th grade (such as 1/2 = 5/10). Visual models are essential in helping children to grasp this idea, and the worksheets below provide just that!

Then, in 5th grade, students learn how to add unlike fractions. This procedure involves converting the fractions to equivalent fractions with a common denominator. So, the concept of equivalent fractions is an important prerequisite to fraction addition and subtraction.


Basic instructions for the worksheets

Each worksheet is randomly generated and thus unique. The answer key is automatically generated and is placed on the second page of the file.

You can generate the worksheets either in html or PDF format — both are easy to print. To get the PDF worksheet, simply push the button titled "Create PDF". To get the worksheet in html format, push the button "View in browser". This has the advantage that you can save the worksheet directly from your browser (choose File → Save) and then edit it in Word or other word processing program.

Sometimes the generated worksheet is not exactly what you want. Just try again! To get a different worksheet using the same options:

  • PDF format: come back to this page and push the button again.
  • Html format: simply refresh the worksheet page in your browser window.

Equivalent fractions with visual models


The two equivalent fractions are shown; student colors the pie models

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Two pie models are already colored; student writes the fractions

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Two pie images; one is colored, the other is not, the student writes both fractions

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Two pie images to color, one fraction is given, one not

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Allow improper fractions, the student writes both fractions

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Allow mixed numbers, the student writes both mixed numbers

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Allow mixed numbers and improper fractions, the student writes both fractions/mixed numbers

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Allow mixed numbers and improper fractions, one fraction is given, the other not

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Equivalent fractions without visual models


Write the missing part, small denominators
(e.g. 2/3 = ?/12)

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Improper fractions allowed, small denominators (e.g. 7/4 = ?/16)

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Equivalent mixed numbers, small denominators
(e.g. 2  3/4 = 2  ?/12)

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Both mixed numbers and improper fractions allowed, small denominators

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The following worksheets are similar to the ones above, but using larger numbers in the denominators and numerators.

Equivalent fractions, proper fractions only
 

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Improper fractions allowed
(e.g. 17/14 = ?/56)

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Includes mixed numbers
 

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Includes both improper fractions and mixed numbers

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Generator

With this worksheet generator, you can make worksheets for equivalent fractions. The worksheet can include problems with visual models (pie images) or not. There are five problem types to choose from:

  1. Two fractions are given with 2 empty pie images to color in (e.g. 3/5 = 6/10).
  2. There are 2 pie images that are already colored; the student writes both fractions.
  3. Two pie images are given, one colored in, one not; the student writes both fractions.
  4. There are 2 pie images to color, one fraction is given, one not (e.g. 4/5 =    /    )
  5. Problems without any visual model; the student writes the missing numerator or denominator in one of the fractions (e.g. 2/3 =    /12).

You can choose to include or not include mixed numbers and improper fractions. You can control the minimum and maximum values for the numerator and the denominator. However, for the problems with visual models, the maximum denominator is limited to 16.


Equivalent Fractions Worksheet Generator

Choose one of the problem types below. They are presented in the order of difficulty.

Problems contain...
2 fractions with 2 empty pie images to color in (e.g. 3/5 = 6/10)
2 pie images already colored; the student writes both fractions
2 pie images, one colored in, one not; the student writes both fractions
2 pie images to color, one fraction is given, one not (e.g. 4/5 =     /    ).
no images -- students writes the missing part in one of the fractions (e.g. 2/3 =     /12)

When the problem contains images, the denominators are limited up to 16.
Columns:   Rows:
(These determine the number of problems)

Numerator Min/Max:
Min: Max:

Denominator Min/Max:
Min: Max:
(for problems containing images, the maximum is 16)

Workspace: empty lines below each problem


Allow mixed numbers, in which case:
    The maximum for the whole number part is

Allow improper fractions (such as 7/6 or 10/4)
Font:     Font Size:

Cell Padding:     Border:     Bordercolor:

     





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