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You are here: Home → Articles → Kindergarten math
The goal of kindergarten math curriculum is to prepare children for first grade math. Please see below a list of objectives and goals for kindergarten math:
Children may also get started with money, time, and measuring, though it is not absolutely necessary to master any of that. The teacher should keep it playful, supply measuring cups, scales, clocks, and coins to have around, and answer questions.
During 1st grade, children will then learn addition and subtraction facts, two-digit numbers, some adding and subtracting with two-digit numbers, and some basics of measuring, time and money.
Mathematics starts with COUNTING. Let children count all kinds of things they see or use. Use simple counting games, such as:
A 100-bead abacus
One extremely helpful manipulative to buy is a basic 100-bead abacus (10 racks, 10 beads in each). This is the prime "toy" to teach numbers beyond ten. With such an abacus children will naturally learn their "tens and ones". I've written about the usage of abacus for learning place value here.
The best kind of abacus has each five beads in alternating colors, like the abacus from Schylling you see on the right.
If you can't get one with 5 and 5 beads in different colors, then get a regular abacus with 10 beads in each row, such as Melissa & Doug classic wooden abacus. You can browse Amazon's abacus selection here.
It is helpful to have concrete numbers (plastic or foam) that the children can touch. Other than that, games are again an excellent way to reinforce learning.
Curriculum, worksheets, or workbooks for shapes, matching, equivalence, more, and less
You don't necessarily need to purchase a specific curriculum for kindergarten math. To recognize shapes and practice matching, you can either use ready-made worksheets or workbooks, or make some of your own.
If you make your own, you can just draw three circles on a page and then 2-5 triangles on a page, and ask the child to match each circle with a triangle by drawing a line from shape to shape. Vary the shapes and the amounts. Sometimes the amounts should be equal, sometimes not.
Another variation is to ask the child to draw. First make some sticks, circles, squares, or other shapes on a page, and encircle them. Make for the child a big "bubble" to draw in, and ask the child to draw either the same amount, one more, or one less.
Also have your child practice writing numbers on paper.
There are also several fine websites that have free worksheets for kindergarten math, such as:
Find the matching pairs printables - some are kind of tricky!
Math Savvy Parents
Preschool Palace - printables for preschool concepts
Math Mammoth 1st grade
A child is ready for Math Mammoth complete first grade curriculum (Light Blue series) once he/she:
* can write numbers
If you do not want to get a complete curriculum, but shorter worktexts or workbooks, then the Addition 1 book is the first and easiest one in math Mammoth Blue Series. It best suits 1st grade.
Both the Light Blue first grade and the Addition 1 book start out dealing with addition within the range 0-10, but they also include missing addend problems such as 3 + __ = 7 and word problems. Kindergartners or younger children MAY get confused with the missing addend concept. If that happens, don't worry - just wait and let the child's brain mature. A lot of the lessons are accessible for kindergartners as well.